Pancreatitis is an inflammatory process in the pancreas. The outflow of bile is disrupted, as a result, glandular enzymes do not penetrate the duodenum and remain in it. The pancreas gradually begins to collapse, which threatens even death.
Every year, this type of disease is diagnosed in more and more people. The pathology occurs even in adolescents. There are many reasons for the development of pancreatitis, from alcohol abuse, being overweight, to gallstone disease. Therefore, it is very important to follow a diet during the illness.
The importance of enzymes in food digestion
For normal digestion of food, the juice of the pancreas produced by the pancreas is required. In addition, the juice protects against the harmful effects of hydrochloric acid. Contains enzymes that break down carbohydrates, proteins and fats. If this does not happen, then most of the food taken does not provide any benefit to the body.
Juice contains 4 enzymes. They stand out in 3 stages, which are activated approximately the first 30-60 minutes after eating. Then there is a gradual decrease in activity and literally in 3-4 hours everything returns to the initial level. If there are problems with the pancreas, then the activation of the enzymes is done very early, as a result of which an inflammatory process or pancreatitis begins.
Fatty foods, consequences of abuse
Fats are found in all foods, even fruits, albeit in small amounts. But above all fat is bacon and lard. For example, 70 g of lard covers the daily dose of fat that the body needs per day. It is clear that no one will limit themselves to just a few pieces of bacon a day.
Some products have hidden surprises. For example, a doctor's sausage contains 40% fat, although it is considered dietary. These products include popcorn, sauces, yogurts and convenience foods.
Nutritionists advise to consume no more than 1 g of fat per 1 kg of human weight. If the rule is not followed, then obesity begins, which affects absolutely all human organs, including the pancreas. Scientists have also been able to show that fatty foods stimulate the pleasure center of the brain, with the result that even if a person stops consuming fat, he can not get enough ordinary food.
Ways to relieve painPancreatitis is accompanied by pain in the hypochondrium. It starts after eating. This can be accompanied by weakness, belching, nausea and even stool disorders. The first step, if an attack has started, is to take anticonvulsants, if you know which ones. If the attack is severe, then it is best to call a doctor.
After these two days, it is best to stick to bed for 2 days. Ice can be applied to the hypochondrium. Until the attack is over, you should not eat, drink only water, which should be hot.
If there is vomiting, it is better to vomit, it will immediately become easier. It is best to breathe shallowly, holding your breath periodically.
How long does the diet for pancreatitis last
The diet for pancreatitis does not have a clear time. It all depends on the patient's condition, how quickly he recovers. In the chronic form, a person usually needs to carefully monitor their diet for at least 1. 5 years.
In order not to damage the pancreas and "help" it perform its functions faster, the following foods should be in the diet:
- soups with pasta and vegetables.
- yesterday the bread?
- grilled or boiled fish?
- steamed meat, in the form of rolls, mashed potatoes, pate and ribs;
- boiled and grilled vegetables.
- dairy and fermented milk products, but low in fat.
- a small amount of butter and vegetable oil.
- baked fruit without sugar.
- jellies and compotes.
However, such a limited set of products will not always be in the diet. gradually, as it improves, the number of products increases.
Limited or partially restricted products
Unfortunately, the list of forbidden foods for this type of disease is quite impressive. Invalid consumption:
- broths based on meat, fish and mushrooms.
- canned food?
- fatty meats and fish?
- any fried foods
- boiled eggs.
- barley, corn and millet porridge?
- forbidden vegetables that cause flatulence and contain high fiber, for example, radish and cabbage.
- freshly baked products and bread?
- spicy dishes?
- citrus fruits.
You can not drink coffee, cocoa, strong tea. It is undesirable to drink juices. Strictly prohibited carbonated beverages
Diet for chronic pancreatitis
The purpose of the nutritional diet in the presence of pancreatitis is to relieve the inflammatory process and restore normal glandular function. In the chronic form, food must enter the body every 2-3 hours. You should drink plenty of water, up to 3 liters. Before eating, it is recommended to drink a glass of warm, clean, gas-free water for about 20 minutes.
The use of alcoholic beverages is prohibited. You need to keep the amount of sugar and salt in your diet to a minimum. You can not eat too much and drink food. It is best to grind all products well. Dishes should be at room temperature.
Diet for acute pancreatitis
After 2-3 days of fasting, you should follow a light diet. The menu can be structured as follows:
- 3 days after the relief of the symptoms of an attack, weak tea is introduced, without sugar.
- on the 5th day, you can already eat mashed carrots or potatoes.
- from the 7th day the import of fish is allowed, but not fried or seafood.
- milk and puddings have been introduced since the 10th day.
It is allowed to consume light soup and beef from 7-10 days. However, they are administered with caution, depending on the state of health. If unpleasant symptoms appear after their use, then they are immediately removed from the diet.
Many doctors advise drinking oatmeal jelly for 3 or 4 days. It has a low calorie content, but at the same time it is very satisfying. The drink allows you to normalize stools and remove toxins.
Diet for pancreatitis in children
In fact, the diagnosis of pancreatitis is extremely rare in childhood. But more often you can experience "reactive pancreatitis". These are temporary problems with the pancreas associated with poor nutrition.
The problem is usually resolved in a few weeks. However, during this period, you should keep the child on a strict diet.
Any products that contain chemical additives, flavors, dyes are clearly displayed. No trips to public catering establishments and harmful fast food.However, fermented and salted foods, broths, natural sausages, pies, cakes and even ice cream are allowed. But they should not be familiar to the child and can be used after the symptoms of "reactive pancreatitis" have disappeared.
Therapeutic nutrition Table number 5 n product list
This diet is recommended for chronic pancreatitis, gout, cholecystitis and some other diseases. The main purpose of diet number 5p is to restore normal function of the pancreas, liver and gallbladder.
Table 5p provides a reasonable approximation of the amount of protein and carbohydrates. However, fats are reduced almost completely to zero. The menu should not contain products that contain cholesterol, oxalic acid, purines, essential oils, fat. Salt also decreases in quantity.
It is recommended to drink hot water on an empty stomach. Food should be chopped, eaten in small portionsNo alcohol. You should eat an average of 5 times a day.
The energy value of the menu should not exceed 2800 kcal. Medication should not be interrupted during the diet.
Sample diet menu for pancreatitis for a week
You can create a menu for the week as follows:
|Breakfast||Omelet and black bread, a cup of tea|
|Snack||Cheese and cookies|
|Lunch||Boiled zucchini and buckwheat porridge|
|Dinner||Oatmeal, carrot puree|
|Breakfast||Shredded low-fat cheese, tea|
|Lunch||Vegetable soup, bread, some boiled beef|
|Dinner||Boiled chicken, vegetable stew|
|Breakfast||Low fat yogurt and apple|
|Snack||Some cottage cheeses|
|Lunch||Puree soup, boiled carp cross|
|Snack||Croutons, dried apricots|
|Dinner||Rice and pudding, grilled meat|
|Breakfast||Omelet, slice of bread|
|Lunch||Bean stew, chicken stew|
|Dinner||Steamed rice and chicken|
|Lunch||Light soup, some boiled fish|
|Snack||Choice of baked fruits|
|Lunch||Lentil soup, boiled beef|
|Dinner||Buckwheat porridge, boiled chicken|
|Breakfast||Boiled beets, croutons|
|Snack||Baked pumpkin, pasta without sauce|
|Lunch||Boiled potatoes, beef stew|
|Dinner||Rice pudding, chicken|
Before going to bed, you can drink a glass of kefir. And those with a sweet tooth can even buy some milk candies.
You should always strictly follow your doctor's recommendations. Even after discharge from the hospital, it is necessary to follow a diet for the set time, in order to improve the quality of life of the person, to avoid relapse. And to prevent the development of the disease, you must monitor your own diet from an early age.