Diet for pancreatitis

Pancreatitis, in simple words, is an inflammation of the pancreas. This vital organ produces enzymes that help digest food, as well as insulin, which controls blood sugar levels. When the pancreas (the long gland behind the stomach) becomes inflamed, the body cannot absorb all the nutrients it needs.

dietary rules for pancreatitis

Pancreatitis can be acute (sudden and severe) or chronic. Acute pancreatitis occurs suddenly and lasts for several days, while chronic pancreatitis recurs for many years. Both types of pancreatitis can cause bleeding and tissue death in or around the pancreas.

Mild attacks of acute pancreatitis can be treated on their own by switching to a pancreatic diet. In the case of recurrent pancreatitis, damage to the pancreas is common, sometimes leading to malnutrition and diabetes. In both cases there is a need to consult a gastroenterologist.

If you do not follow a diet for pancreatitis, the disease can become chronic and lead to further complications. Some of these complications include diabetes and a condition known as necrotic pancreatitis, in which the tissue in the pancreas gradually dies.

In this condition, cyst-like abscesses and pockets develop and the inflammation spreads rapidly. If left untreated, toxins can penetrate the abdomen, damage blood vessels and cause internal bleeding. Therefore, if you have pancreatitis, then it is necessary, as soon as possible, to start a diet. This will prevent complications, develop chronic pancreatitis and relieve your pain.

What causes pancreatitis?

Although there are many causes of pancreatitis, the most common are gallstones (acute pancreatitis) and excessive alcohol consumption (chronic pancreatitis).

Other reasons include:

  • Abdominal injuries?
  • Abdominal surgery?
  • Some drugs?
  • Cystic fibrosis?
  • Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), used to treat gallstones.
  • Family history of pancreatitis?
  • High levels of calcium in the blood (hypercalcaemia); High levels of parathyroid hormone in the blood (hyperparathyroidism). High blood triglyceride levels (hypertriglyceridemia);
  • Infection?
  • Pancreatic cancer?
  • Smoking?
  • Ulcer.

Once a predisposition to pancreatic infections has developed, further attacks can be triggered by eating high-fat, processed foods and alcohol. Planning your diet in advance can often be the best prevention against further attacks and further damage to the pancreas.

Signs and symptoms

  • mild to severe upper abdominal pain?
  • Abdominal pain radiating to the back.
  • Fever
  • Nausea?
  • Vomiting?
  • Increased heart rate.
  • Rapid breathing?
  • Steatorrhea;
  • Very strong odor during bowel movements (chronic pancreatitis).
  • Upset stomach?
  • Weight loss (not related to anything).

The risk of pancreatitis

If left untreated, pancreatitis can cause serious complications and even death. Seek medical attention if there are symptoms.

  • Pseudocysts accumulate fluid. If they break, they cause infection and internal bleeding.
  • Inflammation of the pancreas makes it vulnerable to bacteria and infections. In some cases, surgery may be required.
  • Kidney failure may occur and dialysis is required.
  • Respiratory problems may develop as changes in the body can affect oxygen levels.
  • Diabetes can occur as insulin-producing cells are damaged.
  • Malnutrition is quite common as the pancreas produces fewer enzymes, making it difficult for the body to break down and process key nutrients.
  • Pancreatic cancer is associated with prolonged inflammation of the pancreas, often associated with chronic pancreatitis.

Why diet is important for pancreatitis

Proper nutrition is essential to prevent or reduce the risk of pancreatitis attacks. Serious attacks can be fatal if left untreated. Since the pancreas plays a very important role in the digestion of food, it is directly related to food.

Many studies have shown that artificially processed foods and fats in everyday foods cause stress and inflammation of the pancreas and that low levels of antioxidants in the blood often lead to chronic pancreatitis due to the harmful effects of free radicals.

However, by increasing the antioxidants in your diet, you can control pancreatitis and prevent complications such as diabetes. Foods high in antioxidants are an important part of your pancreatitis diet and should be included in your diet.

Some of these antioxidants include:

  • Vitamin A,
  • vitamin C,
  • Vitamin E,
  • Carotenoids,
  • Selenium.

Most foods should focus on fruits, vegetables and whole grains with proteins and fats that play a supporting role.

The real goal here is to supply your body with foods that are digestible and do not raise your blood sugar, and that also saturate your body. It is important not to eat foods that can cause or worsen pancreatitis.

Top 8 fruits:

  1. Blackberries and blackberries:These berries are rich in resveratrol, manganese, fiber and vitamins C and K, which support healthy digestion. Try a dense nutrient Blackberry Lemon Salad that contains heart-healthy olive oil, sesame seeds and almonds.
  2. Cherries:Low in calories and rich in essential nutrients, cherries are the perfect snack to promote weight loss, reduce inflammation and promote restful sleep.
  3. Watermelon:is ​​an excellent source of vitamins A, B and C, as well as potassium, magnesium and manganese. Eat a watermelon smoothie for breakfast or afternoon tea.
  4. Black plums:with low glycemic index, and plums have been shown to lower cholesterol levels and aid digestion. Plums are the ideal fruit for pancreatitis.
  5. Red grapes:removes excess fluid and relieves inflammation. For a snack, try the rich grape, chicken and walnut salad.
  6. Mango:Along with fiber and vitamin C, mangoes also contain essential minerals such as iron, calcium, potassium and magnesium. This super fruit has been linked to improved blood glucose levels and glycemic control.
  7. Apples:high in fiber, reduces inflammation and aids digestion. It can be used both raw and as a side dish or dessert. For example, baked apple + cottage cheese (non-fat) provides protein, calcium and healthy fiber.
  8. Pomegranate:Sweet and crunchy, this super fruit is full of fiber, potassium and vitamins C and K.

Top 5 vegetables:

  1. Beetroot: packed with essential nutrients such as iron, manganese, copper, potassium and B vitamins. Beets are known to improve heart, brain and brain health. liver function.
  2. Broccoli:Just one cup of cooked broccoli contains over 100 percent of the daily value of vitamin K and vitamin C. In addition, rich in minerals, this vegetable fights cancer and helpsdigestion.
  3. Spinach:Spinach is famous for its immune-boosting and diabetic nutrients.
  4. Potatoes:Rich in β-carotene, vitamin C, copper, vitamin B6 and manganese. Potatoes are a healthy starch that tastes great.
  5. Carrots:Beta Carotene is ideal for the health of the immune system and eyes, as well as for healthy digestion, as it is one of the most versatile vegetables on the planet.

Top 6 whole grains:

Research shows that whole grains should be consumed in the pancreatitis diet.

  1. Brown rice:rich in fiber and rich in manganese An excellent substitute for white rice. Brown rice can reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes by 16 percent. As a side dish, this gluten-free seed is relatively high in calories, so it is recommended that you stick to a single serving size.
  2. Buckwheat:High in protein and fiber, this gluten-free grain is rich in antioxidants and is well absorbed by the body. Buckwheat flour can be used to make healthy pancakes in the morning and buckwheat can be added to salads or in the morning.
  3. Polenta:This coarse-grained corn, similar to southern grains, is used throughout the Mediterranean. Buy only organic, non-GMO polenta.
  4. Millet:has a high fiber content. This nutritious dense seed enjoys a renaissance because it is so versatile. You can use millet for breakfast, lunch and dinner
  5. Teff:If you are not familiar with Ethiopian cereal tef, it's time to find out. This grain promotes weight loss, strengthens immunity, supports bone health and aids digestion. It is available in the form of flour or grains and you can use it to make cereals, pancakes or tortillas.
  6. Amaranth:Award-winning by the Aztecs for thousands of years, this seed is an excellent source of fiber, manganese and protein. These gluten-free grains help digestion, reduce inflammation, fight the development of type 2 diabetes and help with weight loss. Use instead of oats, white rice or pasta and as a thickener for soups.

Top 5 Nuts and Seeds:

  1. Almonds:A distant relative of many stone fruits, simple almonds are full of protein, fiber and many essential vitamins and minerals. Research shows that almonds can help control blood sugar levels and help you lose weight. Due to the relatively high fat content, limit yourself to one serving.
  2. Nuts:A true power supply, nuts provide omega-3s to support a healthy heart and brain, while helping to reduce inflammation and blood sugar.
  3. Sunflower Seeds: Rich in Vitamins B and Vitamin E, as well as Selenium and Magnesium, Sunflower Seeds provide a healthy dose of essential fatty acids, amino acids and fiber. Eat in moderation and stick to half a serving, as they are relatively high in fat. Pumpkin seeds:are packed with healthy fats, proteins and fiber. Pumpkin seeds can be eaten separately or added to salads or yogurt.
  4. Peanuts:Cultivated throughout the Mediterranean, it is no wonder that peanuts make up this list. They are known to help lower cholesterol levels and help with weight loss. Stay at half the portion due to the fat content.
Top 4 Lean Protein Sources:
  1. Fish:Diets usually include fish or seafood at least twice a week. Salmon has been linked to healthy cognitive functions, heart health and protection against cancer.
  2. Poultry:Lean chicken and turkey are excellent sources of protein. Stick to baking - avoid frying to maintain fat content within healthy limits. And to help digestion, consume chicken bone broth, which is naturally rich in collagen and L-glutamine, maintains the integrity of the gut by changing the gut germ (flora) to improve digestive function.
  3. Eggs:Eggs are high in protein, rich in amino acids and have less saturated fat than their counterparts. Eggs, a typical basic breakfast, are also great for a quick lunch and dinner.
  4. Legumes:High in protein, low in fat and high in fiber, legumes are an important part of a healthy pancreatitis diet as they help stabilize blood sugar levels and help lower blood sugar. weight. Certain beans including lentils contain lipase, a digestive enzyme.
Top 3 low-fat dairy products:
  1. Yogurt:Choose low-fat or low-fat yogurt without added sugar or sweeteners when following a pancreatitis diet. With a high content of probiotics for gut health and protein, this dairy product is ideal for breakfast.
  2. Cottage cheese:Rich in vitamin B12 and high in calcium, cottage cheese is a great snack, especially when combined with other foods in the pancreatitis diet, such as nuts, seeds and nuts.
  3. Kefir:Known for its immune-boosting and healthy digestion bacteria, this fermented product contains protein, calcium and vitamin D.

Foods to avoid:

Alcohol, tobacco and caffeine?
  • Known allergens such as soy, dairy products, corn and artificial sweeteners.
  • Fried foods
  • White flour products such as pasta and white bread.
  • Sugar?
  • Trans fatty acids in industrially prepared foods.
  • lifestyle changes to prevent the recurrence of pancreatitis.
  • If you smoke cigarettes or use other tobacco products, stop smoking.
  • Eat small meals 4-5 times a day.
  • Drink at least 2 liters of water a day.
  • Practice relaxation to relieve stress and pain.